The Private LTE & 5G Network Ecosystem: 2018 – 2030 – Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies, Industry Verticals & Forecasts
Report Code: KNJ00014 | No. of Pages: 904 | Category: Telecom and IT
Publisher: SnS Telecom | Date of Publish: Feb-2018
With the standardization of capabilities such as MCPTT (Mission-Critical PTT) by the 3GPP, LTE is increasingly being viewed as an all-inclusive critical communications platform for the delivery of multiple mission-critical services ranging from PTT group communications to real-time video surveillance, and organizations across the critical communications industry – from public safety agencies to railway operators – are making sizeable investments in private LTE and 5G-ready networks.

By providing authority over wireless coverage and capacity, private LTE and 5G networks can ensure guaranteed connectivity, while supporting a wide range of applications and usage scenarios. Small-scale private LTE and 5G-ready networks are also beginning to be deployed in industrial IoT (Internet of Things) settings – where LTE and 5G can fulfill the stringent reliability, availability and low latency requirements for connectivity in industrial control and automation systems, besides supporting mobility for robotics and machines.

In addition, with the emergence of capabilities such as multi-operator small cells and shared/unlicensed spectrum access schemes,  the use of private LTE and 5G networks – in enterprise buildings, campuses and public venues, for localized connectivity – is expected to grow significantly over the coming years.

Expected to surpass $2.5 Billion in annual spending by the end of 2018, private LTE and 5G networks are increasingly becoming the preferred approach to deliver wireless connectivity for critical communications, industrial IoT, enterprise & campus environments, and public venues.  SNS Telecom & IT estimates that the market will further grow at a CAGR of approximately 30% between 2018 and 2021, eventually accounting for more than $5 Billion by the end of 2021.

The “Private LTE & 5G Network Ecosystem: 2018 – 2030 – Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies, Industry Verticals & Forecasts” report presents an in-depth assessment of the private LTE and 5G network ecosystem including market drivers, challenges, enabling technologies, vertical market opportunities, applications, key trends, standardization, spectrum availability/allocation, regulatory landscape, deployment case studies, opportunities, future roadmap, value chain, ecosystem player profiles and strategies. The report also presents forecasts for private LTE and 5G network infrastructure investments from 2018 till 2030. The forecasts cover 3 submarkets, 10 vertical markets and 6 regions.

The report comes with an associated Excel datasheet suite covering quantitative data from all numeric forecasts presented in the report.Topics Covered
The report covers the following topics: 
 - Private LTE & 5G network ecosystem
 - Market drivers and barriers
 - Architectural components and operational models for private LTE & 5G networks
 - Analysis of vertical markets and applications – ranging from mobile broadband and mission-critical voice to domain-specific applications such as the delay-sensitive control of railway infrastructure
 - Key enabling technologies and concepts including MCPTT, deployable LTE/5G systems, eMTC, NB-IoT, unlicensed/shared spectrum, neutral-host small cells and network slicing
 - Review of private LTE & 5G network engagements worldwide, including case studies of 30 live networks
 - Spectrum availability, allocation and usage for private LTE & 5G networks
 - Standardization, regulatory and collaborative initiatives
 - Industry roadmap and value chain
 - Profiles and strategies of over 440 ecosystem players including LTE/5G network infrastructure OEMs and vertical-domain specialists
 - Strategic recommendations for end users, LTE/5G network infrastructure OEMs, system integrators and commercial/private mobile operators 
 - Market analysis and forecasts from 2018 till 2030

Forecast Segmentation
Market forecasts are provided for each of the following submarkets and their subcategories:

Submarkets
 - RAN (Radio Access Network)
 - Mobile Core
 - Mobile Backhaul & Transport

Technology 
 - LTE
 - 5G

Vertical Markets
Critical Communications & Industrial IoT
 - Public Safety
 - Military
 - Energy
 - Utilities
 - Mining
 - Transportation
 - Factories & Warehousing
 - Others
Enterprise & Campus Environments
Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts

Regional Markets
 - Asia Pacific
 - Eastern Europe
 - Middle East & Africa
 - Latin & Central America
 - North America
 - Western Europe

Key Questions Answered 
The report provides answers to the following key questions:
 - How big is the private LTE & 5G network opportunity?
 - What trends, challenges and barriers are influencing its growth?
 - How is the ecosystem evolving by segment and region?
 - What will the market size be in 2021 and at what rate will it grow?
 - Which vertical markets will see the highest percentage of growth?
 - How will unlicensed and shared spectrum schemes – such as CBRS in the United States – accelerate the adoption of private LTE & 5G networks for enterprises, public venues and neutral hosts?
 - How does standardization impact the adoption of LTE & 5G networks for critical communications and industrial IoT?
 - When will MCPTT and other 3GPP-compliant mission-critical capabilities become commercially mature for implementation?
 - What opportunities exist for commercial mobile operators in the private LTE & 5G network ecosystem?
 - Will private LTE & 5G networks replace GSM-R and other legacy technologies for railway communications?
 - What are the prospects of deployable LTE & 5G systems?
 - Who are the key market players and what are their strategies?
 - What strategies should LTE/5G infrastructure OEMs, system integrators and mobile operators adopt to remain competitive?

Key Findings 
The report has the following key findings: 
 - Expected to surpass $2.5 Billion in annual spending by the end of 2018, private LTE and 5G networks are increasingly becoming the preferred approach to deliver wireless connectivity for critical communications, industrial IoT, enterprise & campus environments, and public venues.  
 - SNS Telecom & IT estimates that the market will further grow at a CAGR of approximately 30% between 2018 and 2021, eventually accounting for more than $5 Billion in annual spending by the end of 2021.
 - The critical communications and industrial IoT segment will continue to dominate the market in the coming years, primarily driven by the wide-area and ubiquitous coverage requirements of ongoing nationwide public safety LTE network rollouts such as FirstNet and South Korea's Safe-Net, and supported by considerable investments in the military, energy, utilities, mining and transportation sectors.
 - In the coming years, we also expect to see significant activity in the 3.5 GHz CBRS and 5 GHz unlicensed bands, to support private LTE and 5G network deployments across a range of environments, particularly enterprise buildings, public venues, factories and warehouses.
 - To avoid the high costs associated with large-scale dedicated LTE networks, governments in a number of countries – predominantly in Europe – are encouraging the adoption of secure MVNO (Mobile Virtual Network Operator) arrangements that pair private mobile core platforms with commercial LTE networks to deliver broadband capabilities for critical communications users.
 - Mobile operators are becoming ever more creative in their strategies to gain a foothold in the private LTE and 5G network ecosystem –  ranging from operator-branded critical communications LTE platforms to the BYON (Build Your Own Network) business model where mobile operators provide access to their licensed spectrum so organizations can establish their own private LTE networks in their active footprint.
 - Vertical-domain specialists are leveraging partnerships with established wireless network infrastructure OEMs –  such as Ericsson, Nokia, Huawei and Samsung – to offer end-to-end private LTE and 5G-ready network solutions.

List of Companies Mentioned
3GPP (Third Generation Partnership Project)
450 MHz Alliance
450connect
4K Solutions
5G PPP (5G Infrastructure Public Private Partnership)
5GAA (5G Automotive Association)
5G-ACIA (5G Alliance for Connected Industries and Automation)
5G-IA (5G Infrastructure Association)
7Layers
A1 Telekom Austria Group
Aaeon Technology
AAR (American Association of Railroad)
ABB
Abu Dhabi Police
Accelleran
Accenture
ACCF (Australasian Critical Communications Forum)
Accton Technology Corporation
Accuver
Ace Technologies Corporation
AceAxis
ACMA (Australian Communications and Media Authority)
Adax
Addis Ababa Light Rail
ADF (Australian Defence Force)
ADLINK Technology
ADNOC (Abu Dhabi National Oil Company)
ADR (Aeroporti di Roma)
ADRF (Advanced RF Technologies)
ADTRAN
ADVA Optical Networking
Advantech
Advantech Wireless
Aegex Technologies
AEP Renewables
AeroMobile Communications
AeroVironment
Affarii Technologies
Affirmed Networks
Agnico Eagle
AGURRE (Association of Major Users of Operational Radio Networks, France)
Air France
Airbus
Airgain
Air-Lynx
Airrays
Airspan Networks
Airwavz Solutions
Ajman Police
AKOS (Agency for Communication Networks and Services of the Republic of Slovenia)
Alcobendas City Council
Alcom (Alands Telecommunications)
Alea/Talkway
Alepo
Alga Microwave
Alliander
Allied Telesis
Alpha Networks
Alpha Technologies
Alphabet
Alstom
Altaeros
Altair Semiconductor
ALTÁN Redes
Altice France
Altice USA
Altiostar Networks
Altran
Alvarion Technologies
AM Telecom
Amaggi
Amarisoft
Amazon
Ambra Solutions
Amdocs
Ameren Corporation
América Móvil
American Tower Corporation
Amit Wireless
Amphenol Corporation
An Garda Síochána (Irish National Police Service)
Anktion (Fujian) Technology
Anritsu Corporation
ANS (Advanced Network Services)
Antenna Company
Anterix (pdvWireless)
APCO (Association of Public-Safety Communications Officials) International
API (American Petroleum Institute)
APPA (American Public Power Association)
Apple
Aptel (Association of Proprietary Infrastructure and Private Telecommunications Systems Companies, Brazil)
Aptica
Aqura Technologies (Veris)
Arcadyan Technology Corporation
ARCEP (Autorité de Régulation des Communications Électroniques)
Archos
ARCIA (Australian Radio and Communications Industry Association)
Arete M
AREU (Azienda Regionale Emergenza Urgenza)
Argela/Netsia
ArgoNET
ARIB (Association of Radio Industries and Businesses, Japan)
ARM
Armasuisse (Federal Office for Defence Procurement, Switzerland)
Arqiva
ARRIS International
Arrow Energy
Artemis Networks
Artesyn Embedded Computing
Artiza Networks
ASELSAN
Askey Computer Corporation
ASOCS
Assured Wireless Corporation
Astellia
ASTRI (Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute)
ASTRID
ASUS (ASUSTeK Computer)
AT&T
Atel Antennas
Athonet
ATIS (Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions)
Atlas Telecom
ATN International
Atos
AttoCore
Ausgrid
Avanti Communications Group
AVI
Aviat Networks
AVX Corporation
AWWA (American Water Works Association)
Axon
Axxcelera Broadband Wireless
Axxcss Wireless Solutions
Azcom Technology
Azetti Networks
BABS/FOCP (Federal Office for Civil Protection, Switzerland)
BAE Systems
BAI Communications
Baicells Technologies
BAKOM/OFCOM (Federal Office of Communications, Switzerland)
BandRich
BandwidthX
Barrett Communications
BARTEC
BASE (Telenet)
BASF
BATM Advanced Communications
BATS (Broadband Antenna Tracking Systems)
Baylin Technologies
BBB (BB Backbone Corporation)
BBK Electronics Corporation
BC Hydro
BCE (Bell Canada)
BDBOS (Federal Agency for Public Safety Digital Radio, Germany)
BDEW (Federal Association of Energy and Water Industries, Germany)
Beach Energy
BEC Technologies
Beeline Armenia
Beeper Communications
Benetel
BesoVideo
BHP
Bilbao Metro
Billion Electric
Bird Technologies
Bittium Corporation
Black & Veatch
Black Box Corporation
Blackned
BLiNQ Networks
Blue Danube Systems
Blue Wireless
Bluebird
BLUnet (Axpo WZ-Systems)
BNetzA (Federal Network Agency, Germany)
BNPB (Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management).
Boingo Wireless
Boliden
Bombardier
Booz Allen Hamilton
BorgWarner
Bosch Rexroth
Bouygues Telecom
Boxchip
Brazilian Army
Bridgewave Communications
British Army
Broadcom
BroadForward
Broadpeak
BRTI (Indonesian Telecommunications Regulatory Authority)
BSNL
BT Group
BTG (Dutch Association of Large-Scale ICT & Telecommunications Users)
BTI Wireless
B-TrunC (Broadband Trunking Communication) Industry Alliance
Buenos Aires City Police
Bullitt
Bureau Veritas
Busan Transportation Corporation
BVSystems (Berkeley Varitronics Systems)
BYD
C Spire
CableFree (Wireless Excellence)
CableLabs
CACI International
CalAmp
Caltta
Cambium Networks
Cambridge Consultants
CAMET (China Association of Metros)
Canadian Army
CapX Nederland
Cargotec
Casa Systems
Casio Computer Company
Cat Phones (Caterpillar)
CBRS Alliance
CCI (Communication Components Inc.)
CCI Systems
CCN (Cirrus Core Networks)
CCSA (China Communications Standards Association)
CDE (Clarksville Department of Electricity) Lightband
CEA (Canadian Electricity Association)
CellAntenna Corporation
Cellcom
Cellnex Telecom
cellXica
Cemig (Companhia Energetica de Minas Gerais)
Centerline Communications
CEPT (European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations)
Ceragon Networks
CFE (Comisión Federal de Electricidad)
Challenge Networks
Charter Communications
Chemring Technology Solutions
Cheytec Telecommunications
China Mobile
China Southern Power Grid
China Telecom
China Unicom
Chongqing Dima
CHPC (Cirtek Holdings Philippines Corporation)
Cibicom
CICT (China Information and Communication Technology Group)/China Xinke Group
Ciena Corporation
Cirpack
Table of Contents 
1 Chapter 1: Introduction
1.1 Executive Summary
1.2 Topics Covered
1.3 Forecast Segmentation
1.4 Key Questions Answered
1.5 Key Findings
1.6 Methodology
1.7 Target Audience
1.8 Companies & Organizations Mentioned
 
2 Chapter 2: An Overview of Private LTE/5G Networks
2.1 Private Wireless Networks
2.1.1 Addressing the Needs of the Critical Communications Industry
2.1.2 The Limitations of LMR (Land Mobile Radio) Networks
2.1.3 Growing Use of Commercial Mobile Broadband Technologies
2.1.4 Connectivity Requirements for the Industrial IoT (Internet of Things)
2.1.5 Localized Mobile Networks for Buildings, Campuses & Public Venues
2.2 LTE & 5G for Private Networking
2.2.1 Why LTE & 5G?
2.2.2 Performance Metrics
2.2.3 Coexistence, Interoperability and Spectrum Flexibility
2.2.4 A Thriving Ecosystem of Chipsets, Devices & Network Equipment
2.2.5 Economic Feasibility of Operation
2.2.6 Moving Towards LTE-Advanced & LTE-Advanced Pro
2.2.7 Private LTE Support in LTE-Advanced Pro
2.2.8 5G NR (New Radio) Capabilities & Usage Scenarios
2.2.8.1 eMBB (Enhanced Mobile Broadband)
2.2.8.2 URLCC (Ultra-Reliable Low-Latency Communications)
2.2.8.3 mMTC (Massive Machine-Type Communications)
2.3 Private LTE & 5G Network Operational Models
2.3.1 Independent Private Network
2.3.2 Managed Private Network
2.3.3 Shared Core Private Network
2.3.4 Hybrid Commercial-Private Network
2.3.5 Private MVNO: Commercial Network with a Private Mobile Core
2.3.6 Other Approaches
2.4 Key Applications of Private LTE & 5G Networks
2.4.1 Secure & Seamless Mobile Broadband Access
2.4.2 Bandwidth-Intensive & Latency-Sensitive Field Applications
2.4.3 Bulk Multimedia & Data Transfers
2.4.4 In-Building Coverage & Capacity
2.4.5 Seamless Roaming & Mobile VPN Access
2.4.6 Mission-Critical HD Voice & Group Communications
2.4.7 Video & High-Resolution Imagery
2.4.8 Massive-Scale Video Surveillance & Analytics
2.4.9 Messaging & Presence Services
2.5 Market Drivers
2.5.1 Recognition of LTE & 5G as the De-Facto Platform for Wireless Connectivity
2.5.2 Spectral Efficiency & Bandwidth Flexibility
2.5.3 Regional Interoperability & Cost Efficiency
2.5.4 Endorsement from the Critical Communications Industry
2.5.5 Emergence of Unlicensed & Shared Spectrum Technologies
2.5.6 Growing Demand for High-Speed & Low-Latency Data Applications
2.5.7 Limited Coverage in Indoor, Industrial & Remote Environments
2.5.8 Favorable Licensing Schemes for Localized LTE & 5G Networks
2.5.9 Control over QoS (Quality-of-Service)
2.5.10 Privacy & Security
2.6 Market Barriers
2.6.1 Lack of Licensed Spectrum for Wide-Area Coverage
2.6.2 Funding Challenges for Large-Scale Networks
2.6.3 Technical Complexities of Implementation & Operation
2.6.4 Smaller Coverage Footprint Than Legacy LMR Systems
2.6.5 Competition from IEEE 802.16s, AeroMACS, WiGRID & Other Technologies
2.6.6 Delayed Standardization
 
3 Chapter 3: System Architecture & Technologies for Private LTE/5G Networks
3.1 Architectural Components of Private LTE & 5G Networks
3.1.1 UE (User Equipment)
3.1.2 E-UTRAN – LTE RAN (Radio Access Network)
3.1.2.1 eNBs – LTE Base Stations
3.1.3 NG-RAN – 5G NR (New Radio) Access Network
3.1.3.1 gNBs – 5G NR Base Stations
3.1.3.2 en-gNBs – Secondary Node 5G NR Base Stations
3.1.3.3 ng-eNBs – Next Generation LTE Base Stations
3.1.4 Transport Network
3.1.4.1 Backhaul
3.1.4.2 Fronthaul & Midhaul
3.1.5 EPC (Evolved Packet Core) – The LTE Mobile Core
3.1.5.1 SGW (Serving Gateway)
3.1.5.2 PGW (Packet Data Network Gateway)
3.1.5.3 MME (Mobility Management Entity)
3.1.5.4 HSS (Home Subscriber Server)
3.1.5.5 PCRF (Policy Charging and Rules Function)
3.1.6 5GC (5G Core)/NGC (Next-Generation Core)
3.2 Key Enabling Technologies & Concepts
3.2.1 Critical Communications
3.2.1.1 MCPTT (Mission-Critical PTT) Voice & Group Communications
3.2.1.2 Mission-Critical Video & Data
3.2.1.3 ProSe (Proximity Services) for D2D Connectivity & Communications
3.2.1.4 IOPS (Isolated E-UTRAN Operation for Public Safety)
3.2.1.5 Deployable LTE & 5G Systems
3.2.1.6 UE Enhancements
3.2.2 Industrial IoT
3.2.2.1 eMTC, NB-IoT & mMTC: Wide Area & High Density IoT Applications
3.2.2.2 Techniques for URLLC
3.2.2.3 TSN (Time Sensitive Networking)
3.2.3 QPP (QoS, Priority & Preemption)
3.2.4 High-Precision Positioning
3.2.5 End-to-End Security
3.2.6 Quantum Cryptography Technologies
3.2.7 Licensed Spectrum Sharing & Aggregation
3.2.8 Unlicensed & Shared Spectrum Usage
3.2.8.1 CBRS (Citizens Broadband Radio Service): Three-Tiered Sharing
3.2.8.2 LSA (Licensed Shared Access): Two-Tiered Sharing
3.2.8.3 sXGP (Shared Extended Global Platform): Non-Tiered Unlicensed Access
3.2.8.4 LTE-U/LAA (License Assisted Access) & eLAA (Enhanced LAA): Licensed & Unlicensed Spectrum Aggregation
3.2.8.5 MulteFire
3.2.8.6 5G NR-U
3.2.9 SDR (Software-Defined Radio)
3.2.10 Cognitive Radio & Spectrum Sensing
3.2.11 Wireless Connection Bonding
3.2.12 Network Sharing & Slicing
3.2.12.1 MOCN (Multi-Operator Core Network)
3.2.12.2 DECOR (Dedicated Core)
3.2.12.3 Network Slicing
3.2.13 Software-Centric Networking
3.2.13.1 NFV (Network Functions Virtualization)
3.2.13.2 SDN (Software Defined Networking)
3.2.14 Small Cells
3.2.15 C-RAN (Centralized RAN)
3.2.16 SON (Self-Organizing Networks)
3.2.17 MEC (Multi-Access Edge Computing)
3.2.18 Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning
3.2.19 Big Data & Advanced Analytics
 
4 Chapter 4: Vertical Markets, Case Studies & Private LTE/5G Engagements
4.1 Vertical Markets
4.1.1 Critical Communications & Industrial IoT
4.1.1.1 Public Safety
4.1.1.2 Military
4.1.1.3 Energy
4.1.1.4 Utilities
4.1.1.5 Mining
4.1.1.6 Transportation
4.1.1.7 Factories & Warehouses
4.1.1.8 Others
4.1.2 Enterprise & Campus Environments
4.1.3 Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts
4.2 Private LTE & 5G Network Case Studies
4.2.1 Agnico Eagle
4.2.2 Air France
4.2.3 ASTRID's BLM (Blue Light Mobile) Service
4.2.4 BBB (BB Backbone Corporation)
4.2.5 Beach Energy
4.2.6 Busan Transportation Corporation
4.2.7 China Southern Power Grid
4.2.8 Daimler/Mercedes-Benz Cars
4.2.9 EAN (European Aviation Network)
4.2.10 Elektro (Neoenergia/Iberdrola)
4.2.11 Enel Group
4.2.12 FirstNet (First Responder Network) Authority
4.2.13 France's PCSTORM Critical Communications Broadband Project
4.2.14 French Army
4.2.15 German Armed Forces (Bundeswehr)
4.2.16 Gold Fields
4.2.17 Halton Regional Police Service
4.2.18 Heathrow Airport
4.2.19 INET (Infrastructure Networks)
4.2.20 Kenyan Police Service
4.2.21 KMA (Korea Military Academy)
4.2.22 KRNA (Korea Rail Network Authority)
4.2.23 LG Chem
4.2.24 Nedaa
4.2.25 Ocado
4.2.26 PGA Tour
4.2.27 Port of Rotterdam
4.2.28 PSCA (Punjab Safe Cities Authority)
4.2.29 Qatar MOI (Ministry of Interior)
4.2.30 RESCAN (Canary Islands Network for Emergency and Security)
4.2.31 Rio Tinto Group
4.2.32 Rivas Vaciamadrid City Council
4.2.33 Royal Thai Police
4.2.34 Shanghai Police Department
4.2.35 South Korea’s Safe-Net (National Disaster Safety Communications Network)
4.2.36 Southern Linc
4.2.37 Tampnet
4.2.38 U.S. Navy
4.2.39 Ukkoverkot
4.2.40 UN (United Nations)
4.2.41 United Kingdom’s ESN (Emergency Services Network)
4.2.42 Zhengzhou Metro
4.3 Review of Other Private LTE & 5G Network Engagements
4.3.1 Asia Pacific
4.3.1.1 Bangladesh
4.3.1.2 Australia
4.3.1.3 China
4.3.1.4 Hong Kong
4.3.1.5 India
4.3.1.6 Indonesia
4.3.1.7 Japan
4.3.1.8 Laos
4.3.1.9 Malaysia
4.3.1.10 New Zealand
4.3.1.11 Pakistan
4.3.1.12 Philippines
4.3.1.13 Singapore
4.3.1.14 South Korea
4.3.1.15 Thailand
4.3.1.16 Other Countries
4.3.2 Europe
4.3.2.1 Austria
4.3.2.2 Belgium
4.3.2.3 Czech Republic
4.3.2.4 Denmark
4.3.2.5 Estonia
4.3.2.6 Finland
4.3.2.7 France
4.3.2.8 Germany
4.3.2.9 Hungary
4.3.2.10 Ireland
4.3.2.11 Italy
4.3.2.12 Netherlands
4.3.2.13 Norway
4.3.2.14 Poland
4.3.2.15 Portugal
4.3.2.16 Russia
4.3.2.17 Serbia
4.3.2.18 Slovenia
4.3.2.19 Spain
4.3.2.20 Sweden
4.3.2.21 Switzerland
4.3.2.22 Turkey
4.3.2.23 United Kingdom
4.3.2.24 Other Countries
4.3.3 Latin & Central America
4.3.3.1 Argentina
4.3.3.2 Bolivia
4.3.3.3 Brazil
4.3.3.4 Chile
4.3.3.5 Colombia
4.3.3.6 Ecuador
4.3.3.7 Mexico
4.3.3.8 Peru
4.3.3.9 Trinidad & Tobago
4.3.3.10 Venezuela
4.3.3.11 Other Countries
4.3.4 Middle East & Africa
4.3.4.1 Algeria
4.3.4.2 Cameroon
4.3.4.3 Côte d'Ivoire
4.3.4.4 Egypt
4.3.4.5 Ethiopia
4.3.4.6 GCC (Gulf Corporation Council) Countries
4.3.4.6.1 Oman
4.3.4.6.2 Qatar
4.3.4.6.3 Saudi Arabia
4.3.4.6.4 United Arab Emirates
4.3.4.7 Ghana
4.3.4.8 Iraq
4.3.4.9 Israel
4.3.4.10 Jordan
4.3.4.11 Kenya
4.3.4.12 Lebanon
4.3.4.13 Madagascar
4.3.4.14 Mali
4.3.4.15 Mauritius
4.3.4.16 Morocco
4.3.4.17 Nigeria
4.3.4.18 Republic of the Congo
4.3.4.19 South Africa
4.3.4.20 Zambia
4.3.4.21 Other Countries
4.3.5 North America
4.3.5.1 Canada
4.3.5.2 United States
 
5 Chapter 5: Spectrum Availability, Allocation & Usage
5.1 Frequency Bands for Private LTE & 5G Networks
5.1.1 Licensed Spectrum for Local, Regional & National Private Networks
5.1.1.1 200/230 MHz
5.1.1.2 400/420/450 MHz
5.1.1.3 600 MHz
5.1.1.4 700 MHz
5.1.1.5 800 MHz
5.1.1.6 900 MHz
5.1.1.7 1.4 GHz
5.1.1.8 1.8 GHz
5.1.1.9 1.9 GHz
5.1.1.10 2.1 GHz
5.1.1.11 2.3 GHz
5.1.1.12 2.4 GHz
5.1.1.13 2.5 GHz
5.1.1.14 2.6 GHz
5.1.1.15 3.5 GHz
5.1.1.16 3.6 GHz
5.1.1.17 3.7 GHz
5.1.1.18 4.6 – 4.8 GHz
5.1.1.19 4.9 GHz
5.1.1.20 5.9 GHz
5.1.1.21 26 GHz
5.1.1.22 28 GHz
5.1.1.23 Other Bands
5.1.2 Shared Access Spectrum
5.1.2.1 2.3 GHz LSA Band
5.1.2.2 3.5 GHz (3.55 – 3.7 GHz) CBRS Band
5.1.2.3 3.7 – 4.2 GHz C-Band
5.1.2.4 8 GHz
5.1.2.5 26 GHz
5.1.2.6 28 GHz
5.1.2.7 37 GHz
5.1.2.8 Others Bands
5.1.3 License Exempt Spectrum
5.1.3.1 470/800/900 MHz
5.1.3.2 1.8 GHz DECT Guard Band
5.1.3.3 1.9 GHz sXGP/DECT Band
5.1.3.4 2.4 GHz
5.1.3.5 5 GHz
5.1.3.6 6 GHz (5.925 – 7.125 GHz)
5.1.3.7 57 – 71 GHz
5.1.3.8 Other Bands
5.2 Spectrum Regulation, Sharing & Management
5.2.1 National Frequency Regulators
5.2.1.1 Identification & Allocation of Spectrum for Private LTE/5G Networks
5.2.2 ITU-R (International Telecommunication Union Radiocommunication Sector)
5.2.2.1 International & Regional Harmonization of Spectrum
5.2.3 CEPT (European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations)
5.2.3.1 ECC (Electronic Communications Committee): Common Policies for Private LTE/5G Spectrum in Europe
5.2.3.2 Broadband PPDR (Public Protection and Disaster Relief) Networks
5.2.3.3 Radio Spectrum for Railway Applications
5.2.4 ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute)
5.2.4.1 Standards for the Implementation of LSA (Licensed Shared Access)
5.2.5 450 MHz Alliance
5.2.5.1 Promoting the Use of 450 MHz for LTE Networks
5.2.6 CBRS Alliance
5.2.6.1 OnGo Certification Program
5.2.7 DSA (Dynamic Spectrum Alliance)
5.2.7.1 Advocacy Efforts for the Dynamic Sharing of Spectrum
5.2.8 MulteFire Alliance
5.2.8.1 Release 1.0: LTE Operation in the Unlicensed 5 GHz Band
5.2.8.2 Release 1.1: Support for Industrial IoT & Sub-1/1.9/2.4 GHz Spectrum Bands
5.2.9 WInnForum (Wireless Innovation Forum)
5.2.9.1 SSC (Spectrum Sharing Committee): CBRS Standards
5.2.9.2 Other Committees
5.2.10 XGP (eXtended Global Platform) Forum
5.2.10.1 Development & Promotion of the sXGP Unlicensed LTE Service
 
6 Chapter 6: Standardization, Regulatory & Collaborative Initiatives
6.1 3GPP (Third Generation Partnership Project)
6.1.1 Releases 11-14: Public Safety & Critical Communications Features
6.1.2 Releases 13 & 14: eMTC, NB-IoT & Unlicensed Spectrum Support
6.1.3 Release 15: 5G NR, Mission-Critical Service Enhancements, & Additional Operating Bands
6.1.4 Release 16: 5G URLLC for Industrial IoT, 3GPP-LMR Interworking & Railway/Maritime Communications
6.1.5 Release 17 & Beyond: 5G-Based Direct Mode, Broadcast & New Vertical Applications
6.2 5G PPP (5G Infrastructure Public Private Partnership)/5G-IA (5G Infrastructure Association)
6.2.1 Private 5G-Related Activities
6.3 5G-ACIA (5G Alliance for Connected Industries and Automation)
6.3.1 Industrial Domain Requirements in 5G Standardization, Regulation, Spectrum Allocation & Operator Models
6.4 AGURRE (Association of Major Users of Operational Radio Networks, France)
6.4.1 Advocacy Efforts for Private LTE/5G Networks in the Transportation & Energy Sectors
6.5 APCO (Association of Public-Safety Communications Officials) International
6.5.1 Public Safety LTE/5G Advocacy Efforts
6.5.2 ANS 2.106.1-2019: Standard for PSG (Public Safety Grade) Site Hardening Requirements
6.6 ATIS (Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions)
6.6.1 Standardization Efforts Relevant to Private & Critical Communications LTE/5G Networks
6.7 BTG (Dutch Association of Large-Scale ICT & Telecommunications Users)
6.7.1 KMBG (Dutch Critical Mobile Broadband Users) Expert Group
6.7.2 Private LTE /5G-Related Lobbying Efforts
6.8 B-TrunC (Broadband Trunking Communication) Industry Alliance
6.8.1 B-TrunC Standard for LTE-Based Critical Communications
6.9 CAMET (China Association of Metros)
6.9.1 Adoption of LTE as the Communications Standard for Urban Rail Systems
6.9.2 LTE-M: Specification for Urban Rail Transit Onboard-to-Wayside Communications
6.10 CEA (Canadian Electricity Association)
6.10.1 PVNO (Private Virtual Network Operator) System for Electric Utilities
6.11 CRC (Communications Research Centre Canada)
6.11.1 Interoperability Research and Evaluation of Public Safety LTE/5G Networks
6.12 DRDC (Defence Research and Development Canada)
6.12.1 R&D Efforts in Public Safety & Military LTE/5G Networks
6.13 ENTELEC (Energy Telecommunications and Electrical Association)
6.13.1 Policy Advocacy & Other Activities Related to Private LTE/5G Networks
6.14 ERA (European Union Agency for Railways)
6.14.1 Project on the Evolution of Railway Radio Communication
6.15 ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute)
6.15.1 TCCE (TETRA and Critical Communications Evolution) Technical Committee
6.15.1.1 Standards & Guidelines for Critical Communications Broadband
6.15.2 CTI (Center for Testing and Interoperability)
6.15.2.1 MCX (Mission-Critical PTT, Video & Data) Plugtests
6.15.3 TC RT (Technical Committee for Rail Telecommunications)
6.15.3.1 FRMCS (Future Railway Mobile Communication System)-Related Standardization Activities
6.15.4 Other Technical Committees & Private LTE/5G-Related Standards
6.16 EUTC (European Utilities Telecom Council)
6.16.1 LTE & 5G-Related Work
6.17 EWA (Enterprise Wireless Alliance)
6.17.1 Frequency Coordination & Spectrum Advocacy for Private Wireless Networks
6.18 GCF (Global Certification Forum)
6.18.1 Certification of LTE/5G Devices for Public Safety & Other Critical Communications Networks
6.19 Home Office, United Kingdom
6.19.1 Public Safety LTE/5G Standardization Efforts
6.20 IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force)
6.20.1 Standards & Protocols for Mission-Critical Services over LTE & 5G Networks
6.21 IGOF (International Governmental Operators’ Forum)
6.21.1 Addressing Broadband-Related Issues in Critical Communications
6.22 JRC (Joint Radio Company)
6.22.1 Frequency Management for Private Radio Networks
6.22.2 Spectrum Advocacy for the United Kingdom's Utility Operators
6.22.3 Addressing the Impact of 5G on Electric Utilities
6.23 KRRI (Korea Railroad Research Institute)
6.23.1 LTE-Based KRTCS (Korean Radio-Based Train Control System)
6.24 MCOP (Mission-Critical Open Platform)
6.24.1 Open Platform for the Development of Standards-Compliant MCPTT Applications
6.25 PSBTA (Public Safety Broadband Technology Association)
6.25.1 Public Safety LTE/5G-Related Activities
6.26 PSCE (Public Safety Communications Europe)
6.26.1 Public Safety LTE/5G Standardization
6.26.2 BroadX Projects: Pan-European Interoperable Broadband Mobile System for Public Safety
6.27 PSCR (Public Safety Communications Research) Program
6.27.1 Technology Development & Standardization Efforts for Public Safety LTE/5G
6.28 PSTA (Public Safety Technology Alliance)
6.28.1 Certified Open Standards & APIs for Public Safety Communications
6.29 Public Safety Canada
6.29.1 Participation in the Federal PSBN (Public Safety Broadband Network) Task Team
6.30 Safe-Net Forum
6.30.1 Guidance & Ecosystem Development for Public Safety LTE Networks
6.31 SCF (Small Cell Forum)
6.31.1 Specifications for Enterprise & Unlicensed Small Cells
6.32 Seamless Air Alliance
6.32.1 Technical Specifications and Recommendations for In-Flight LTE & 5G Connectivity
6.33 Shift2Rail
6.33.1 Railway Communications-Related R&D Efforts
6.33.1.1 TD (Technical Demonstrator) 2.1: Development of a New Communication System
6.34 TCCA (The Critical Communications Association)
6.34.1 CCBG (Critical Communications Broadband Group)
6.34.2 BIG (Broadband Industry Group)
6.35 TIA (Telecommunications Industry Association)
6.35.1 TR-8.8: Subcommittee on Broadband Data Systems
6.36 TTA (Telecommunications Technology Association, South Korea)
6.36.1 Functional Requirements for Public Safety LTE
6.36.2 LTE-R (LTE Based Railway Communication System)
6.36.3 LTE-M (LTE-Maritime)
6.37 U.S. NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology)
6.37.1 CTL (Communications Technology Laboratory): R&D Leadership for FirstNet
6.38 U.S. NPSTC (National Public Safety Telecommunications Council)
6.38.1 Early Leadership in Public Safety LTE
6.38.2 LMR-LTE Integration, Deployable Systems & Other Work
6.39 U.S. NTIA (National Telecommunications and Information Administration)
6.39.1 FirstNet Governance & Funding
6.39.2 Other Work Related to Private & Critical Communications LTE/5G Networks
6.40 UBBA (Utility Broadband Alliance)
6.40.1 Efforts to Advance Private Broadband Networks for Utilities
6.41 UIC (International Union of Railways)
6.41.1 Replacing GSM-R with Next-Generation Wireless Technologies
6.41.2 FRMCS (Future Railway Mobile Communication System) Project
6.42 UNIFE (The European Rail Supply Industry Association)
6.42.1 UNITEL Committee: Development & Implementation of Future Interoperable Railway Communications Systems
6.43 UTC (Utilities Technology Council)
6.43.1 LTE & 5G-Related Advocacy, Technology Development & Policy Efforts
6.44 UTCAL (Utilities Telecom & Technology Council América Latina)
6.44.1 Promoting the Adoption of Private LTE/5G Systems for Latin American Utilities
6.45 Vendor-Led Alliances
6.45.1 Huawei's eLTE Industry Alliance
6.45.2 Nokia's Mission Critical Communications Alliance
6.45.3 L3Harris' Mission Critical Alliance
6.46 Others
6.46.1 National Government Agencies & Regulators
6.46.2 Regional & Country-Specific Associations
6.46.3 Global Industry Associations & Organizations
 
7 Chapter 7: Future Roadmap & Value Chain
7.1 Future Roadmap
7.1.1 Pre-2020: Continued Investments for Both Mission & Business Critical Needs
7.1.2 2020 – 2025: Commercial Maturity of Unlicensed/Shared Spectrum & Private 5G Infrastructure
7.1.3 2025 – 2030: Mass-Market Adoption of Private LTE/5G Networks for Vertical Industries
7.2 Value Chain
7.2.1 Enabling Technology Providers
7.2.2 RAN, Mobile Core & Transport Infrastructure Suppliers
7.2.3 Terminal Equipment Vendors
7.2.4 System Integrators
7.2.5 Application Developers
7.2.6 Test, Measurement & Performance Specialists
7.2.7 Mobile Operators
7.2.8 MVNOs
7.2.9 Vertical Industries, Enterprises & Other End Users
 
8 Chapter 8: Key Ecosystem Players
8.1 4K Solutions
8.2 ABB
8.3 Accelleran
8.4 Accton Technology Corporation/IgniteNet
8.5 Accuver/Qucell/InnoWireless
8.6 Ace Technologies Corporation
8.7 AceAxis
8.8 Adax
8.9 ADLINK Technology
8.10 ADRF (Advanced RF Technologies)
8.11 ADTRAN
8.12 ADVA Optical Networking
8.13 Advantech
8.14 Aegex Technologies
8.15 Affarii Technologies
8.16 Affirmed Networks
8.17 Airbus/SLC (Secure Land Communications)
8.18 Airgain
8.19 Airrays
8.20 Airspan Networks/Dense Air/Mimosa Networks
8.21 Airwavz Solutions
8.22 Alea/Talkway
8.23 Alepo
8.24 Alliander (450connect/Utility Connect)
8.25 Allied Telesis
8.26 Alpha Networks
8.27 Alpha Technologies/EnerSys
8.28 Alstom
8.29 Altaeros
8.30 Altair Semiconductor
8.31 ALTÁN Redes
8.32 Altice USA
8.33 Altiostar Networks
8.34 Altran
8.35 Alvarion Technologies/SuperCom
8.36 AM Telecom
8.37 Amarisoft
8.38 Amazon
8.39 Ambra Solutions/Ecotel
8.40 Amdocs
8.41 American Tower Corporation
8.42 Amit Wireless
8.43 Amphenol Corporation
8.44 Anktion (Fujian) Technology
8.45 Anritsu Corporation
8.46 ANS (Advanced Network Services)
8.47 Antenna Company
8.48 Anterix (pdvWireless)
8.49 Apple
8.50 Aqura Technologies (Veris)
8.51 Arcadyan Technology Corporation
8.52 Archos
8.53 Arete M
8.54 Argela/Netsia
8.55 ArgoNET
8.56 ARM
8.57 Arqiva
8.58 Artemis Networks/Rearden
8.59 Artesyn Embedded Computing/SMART Global Holdings
8.60 Artiza Networks
8.61 ASELSAN
8.62 ASOCS
8.63 Assured Wireless Corporation
8.64 ASTRI (Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute)
8.65 ASUS (ASUSTeK Computer)/Askey Computer Corporation/Aaeon Technology
8.66 AT&T
8.67 Atel Antennas
8.68 Athonet
8.69 ATN International/Geoverse
8.70 Atos/Air-Lynx
8.71 AttoCore
8.72 Avanti Communications Group
8.73 AVI
8.74 Aviat Networks
8.75 Axon
8.76 Axxcelera Broadband Wireless (Axxcss Wireless Solutions)
8.77 Axxcss Wireless Solutions
8.78 Azcom Technology
8.79 Azetti Networks
8.80 BAE Systems
8.81 BAI Communications/Transit Wireless
8.82 Baicells Technologies
8.83 BandRich
8.84 BandwidthX
8.85 Barrett Communications
8.86 BARTEC/Pixavi
8.87 BATS (Broadband Antenna Tracking Systems)
8.88 Baylin Technologies (Galtronics Corporation, Advantech Wireless, Alga Microwave)
8.89 BCE (Bell Canada)
8.90 BEC Technologies
8.91 Beeper Communications
8.92 Benetel
8.93 BesoVideo
8.94 Billion Electric
8.95 Bird Technologies
8.96 Bittium Corporation
8.97 Black & Veatch
8.98 Black Box Corporation
8.99 Blackned
8.100 Blue Danube Systems
8.101 Blue Wireless
8.102 Bluebird
8.103 BLUnet (Axpo WZ-Systems)
8.104 Boingo Wireless
8.105 Bombardier
8.106 Booz Allen Hamilton
8.107 Bouygues Telecom
8.108 Boxchip
8.109 Broadcom
8.110 BroadForward
8.111 Broadpeak
8.112 BTI Wireless
8.113 Bullitt/Cat Phones (Caterpillar)/Land Rover Explore
8.114 Bureau Veritas/7Layers
8.115 BVSystems (Berkeley Varitronics Systems)
8.116 C Spire
8.117 CableFree (Wireless Excellence)
8.118 CableLabs/Kyrio
8.119 CACI International/LGS Innovations
8.120 CalAmp/LoJack
8.121 Cambium Networks
8.122 Cambridge Consultants
8.123 CapX Nederland
8.124 Casa Systems/NetComm Wireless
8.125 Casio Computer Company
8.126 CCI (Communication Components Inc.)/BLiNQ Networks
8.127 CCI Systems
8.128 CCN (Cirrus Core Networks)
8.129 CellAntenna Corporation
8.130 Cellnex Telecom
8.131 cellXica
8.132 Centerline Communications
8.133 Ceragon Networks
8.134 Challenge Networks
8.135 Charter Communications
8.136 Chemring Technology Solutions
8.137 Cheytec Telecommunications
8.138 China Mobile
8.139 China Telecom
8.140 China Unicom
8.141 CHPC (Cirtek Holdings Philippines Corporation)/ Quintel
8.142 CICT (China Information and Communication Technology Group)/China Xinke Group
8.143 Ciena Corporation
8.144 Cirpack
8.145 Cisco Systems
8.146 Cloudstreet
8.147 Cobham Wireless
8.148 Codan Communications
8.149 Coherent Logix
8.150 Collinear Networks
8.151 Collins Aerospace/United Technologies Corporation
8.152 Comba Telecom
8.153 Comcast Corporation
8.154 COMLAB
8.155 CommAgility
8.156 CommScope/ARRIS International/Ruckus Networks
8.157 Comrod Communication Group
8.158 Comtech Telecommunications Corporation
8.159 CONET Technologies
8.160 Connect Tech
8.161 Contela
8.162 Coolpad
8.163 Cornet Technology
8.164 Corning/SpiderCloud Wireless/iBwave Solutions
8.165 Cox Communications
8.166 Cradlepoint
8.167 Crown Castle International Corporation
8.168 CS Corporation
8.169 Cubic Corporation/Deltenna
8.170 CybertelBridge
8.171 Dali Wireless
8.172 DAMM Cellular Systems
8.173 DBcom
8.174 DEKRA
8.175 Dell Technologies
8.176 Delta/Agema
8.177 Dialogic
8.178 Digi International
8.179 Digital Bridge Holdings/Colony Capital
8.180 Digital Colony/Freshwave Group
8.181 D-Link Corporation
8.182 DMI
8.183 DragonWave-X
8.184 Druid Software
8.185 DT (Deutsche Telekom)
8.186 Duons
8.187 Durabook (Twinhead International Corporation)
8.188 Easycom (Shenzhen Easycom Electronics)
8.189 E-Band Communications (Axxcss Wireless Solutions)
8.190 EchoStar Corporation/Hughes Network Systems
8.191 ECI Telecom
8.192 Ecom Instruments/Pepperl+Fuchs
8.193 EE/BT Group
8.194 EION Wireless
8.195 Ekinops/OneAccess
8.196 Elbit Systems
8.197 Elefante Group
8.198 Elisa
8.199 Elistair
8.200 ELUON Corporation

9 Chapter 9: Market Sizing & Forecasts
9.1 Global Outlook for Private LTE & 5G Network Investments
9.2 Segmentation by Submarket
9.2.1 RAN
9.2.2 Mobile Core
9.2.3 Backhaul & Transport
9.3 Segmentation by Technology
9.3.1 Private LTE
9.3.1.1 RAN
9.3.1.2 Mobile Core
9.3.1.3 Backhaul & Transport
9.3.2 Private 5G
9.3.2.1 RAN
9.3.2.2 Mobile Core
9.3.2.3 Backhaul & Transport
9.4 Segmentation by Spectrum Type
9.4.1 Licensed Spectrum
9.4.2 Unlicensed/Shared Spectrum
9.5 Segmentation by Unlicensed/Shared Spectrum Frequency Band
9.5.1 1.9 GHz sXGP/DECT
9.5.2 2.4 GHz
9.5.3 3.5 GHz CBRS
9.5.4 5 GHz
9.5.5 Other Bands
9.6 Segmentation by Vertical Market
9.6.1 Critical Communications & Industrial IoT
9.6.1.1 RAN
9.6.1.2 Mobile Core
9.6.1.3 Backhaul & Transport
9.6.2 Public Safety
9.6.2.1 RAN
9.6.2.2 Mobile Core
9.6.2.3 Backhaul & Transport
9.6.3 Military
9.6.3.1 RAN
9.6.3.2 Mobile Core
9.6.3.3 Backhaul & Transport
9.6.4 Energy
9.6.4.1 RAN
9.6.4.2 Mobile Core
9.6.4.3 Backhaul & Transport
9.6.5 Utilities
9.6.5.1 RAN
9.6.5.2 Mobile Core
9.6.5.3 Backhaul & Transport
9.6.6 Mining
9.6.6.1 RAN
9.6.6.2 Mobile Core
9.6.6.3 Backhaul & Transport
9.6.7 Transportation
9.6.7.1 RAN
9.6.7.2 Mobile Core
9.6.7.3 Backhaul & Transport
9.6.8 Factories & Warehouses
9.6.8.1 RAN
9.6.8.2 Mobile Core
9.6.8.3 Backhaul & Transport
9.6.9 Other Critical Communications & Industrial IoT Sectors
9.6.9.1 RAN
9.6.9.2 Mobile Core
9.6.9.3 Backhaul & Transport
9.6.10 Enterprise & Campus Environments
9.6.10.1 RAN
9.6.10.2 Mobile Core
9.6.10.3 Backhaul & Transport
9.6.11 Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts
9.6.11.1 RAN
9.6.11.2 Mobile Core
9.6.11.3 Backhaul & Transport
9.7 Segmentation by Region
9.7.1 Submarkets
9.7.1.1 RAN
9.7.1.2 Mobile Core
9.7.1.3 Backhaul & Transport
9.7.2 Vertical Markets
9.7.2.1 Critical Communications & Industrial IoT
9.7.2.2 Enterprise & Campus Environments
9.7.2.3 Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts
9.8 Asia Pacific
9.8.1 Submarkets
9.8.1.1 RAN
9.8.1.2 Mobile Core
9.8.1.3 Backhaul & Transport
9.8.2 Vertical Markets
9.8.2.1 Critical Communications & Industrial IoT
9.8.2.2 Enterprise & Campus Environments
9.8.2.3 Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts
9.9 Eastern Europe
9.9.1 Submarkets
9.9.1.1 RAN
9.9.1.2 Mobile Core
9.9.1.3 Backhaul & Transport
9.9.2 Vertical Markets
9.9.2.1 Critical Communications & Industrial IoT
9.9.2.2 Enterprise & Campus Environments
9.9.2.3 Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts
9.10 Latin & Central America
9.10.1 Submarkets
9.10.1.1 RAN
9.10.1.2 Mobile Core
9.10.1.3 Backhaul & Transport
9.10.2 Vertical Markets
9.10.2.1 Critical Communications & Industrial IoT
9.10.2.2 Enterprise & Campus Environments
9.10.2.3 Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts
9.11 Middle East & Africa
9.11.1 Submarkets
9.11.1.1 RAN
9.11.1.2 Mobile Core
9.11.1.3 Backhaul & Transport
9.11.2 Vertical Markets
9.11.2.1 Critical Communications & Industrial IoT
9.11.2.2 Enterprise & Campus Environments
9.11.2.3 Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts
9.12 North America
9.12.1 Submarkets
9.12.1.1 RAN
9.12.1.2 Mobile Core
9.12.1.3 Backhaul & Transport
9.12.2 Vertical Markets
9.12.2.1 Critical Communications & Industrial IoT
9.12.2.2 Enterprise & Campus Environments
9.12.2.3 Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts
9.13 Western Europe
9.13.1 Submarkets
9.13.1.1 RAN
9.13.1.2 Mobile Core
9.13.1.3 Backhaul & Transport
9.13.2 Vertical Markets
9.13.2.1 Critical Communications & Industrial IoT
9.13.2.2 Enterprise & Campus Environments
9.13.2.3 Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts
 
10 Chapter 10: Conclusion & Strategic Recommendations
10.1 Why is the Market Poised to Grow?
10.2 Competitive Industry Landscape: Acquisitions, Consolidation & Strategic Alliances
10.3 Which Licensed Spectrum Bands Dominate the Market?
10.3.1 Sub-500 MHz Bands
10.3.2 700/800/900 MHz
10.3.3 1.4 – 3.8 GHz
10.3.4 Higher Frequencies
10.4 Evolving Regulatory Environment for Spectrum Licensing
10.5 Prospects of Unlicensed/Shared Spectrum Private LTE & 5G Networks
10.6 Opportunities for Smaller Vendors & System Integrators
10.7 Opening the Door to Industrial & Mission/Business-Critical IoT Services
10.8 Delivering Ultra-Reliable, Low-Latency Wireless Connectivity for Industry 4.0
10.9 Creating Smarter Cities with Dedicated Wireless Networks
10.10 The Emergence of Private 5G Networks
10.11 Practical Examples of Private 5G Network Applications
10.11.1 UHD (Ultra-High Definition) Video Delivery
10.11.2 Connected Robotics for Factory Automation
10.11.10 Teleprotection for Smart Grids
10.11.11 Port & Terminal Automation
10.11.12 5G-Equipped Robots for the Inspection of Gas Leaks
10.11.13 Smart Helmets for Critical Inspections
10.11.14 Predictive Pipe Maintenance
10.12 Continued Investments in Private LTE Networks for Public Safety & Critical Communications
10.13 When Will LTE & 5G NR Replace GSM-R for Railway Communications?
10.14 The Role of Mobile Operators
10.14.1 Operator Built & Managed Nationwide Public Safety Broadband Networks
10.14.2 Private MVNO Arrangements
10.14.3 Operator-Branded LTE/5G Critical Communications Platforms
10.15 The Importance of Roaming in Private LTE & 5G Networks
10.16 Neutral-Host & Wholesale Operators: New Business Models with Private LTE/5G Networks
10.17 Growing Adoption of Deployable LTE & 5G-Ready Systems
10.18 Strategic Recommendations
10.18.1 Vertical Industries & End Users
10.18.2 LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Suppliers
10.18.3 System Integrators
10.18.4 Commercial & Private Mobile Operators

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